Anyone who has experienced hemorrhoids knows they are no laughing matter. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins in the lowest section of the anus and rectum. When the blood vessel walls stretch and thin, the veins bulge and are easily irritated, especially during the pressure of bowel movements. Hemorrhoids that are swollen are called ‘piles’. While some hemorrhoids can be resolved on their own without seeing a doctor, there are numerous circumstances where seeing a proctologist is the best course of action.
There are two types of hemorrhoids: internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are far up inside the rectum and generally cannot be seen or felt. As there are not many pain-sensing nerves in this area, they don’t result in discomfort. Most often, rectal bleeding is the only indication alerting individuals to their presence.
External hemorrhoids are located under the skin surrounding the anus. The pain-sensing nerves are plentiful here, which is why they are painful and also result in bleeding.
What Causes Hemorrhoids?
Some people who get hemorrhoids are more susceptible to them when other family members have them, like parents.
Often, people who are obese or have put on extra weight during pregnancy will get them due to the extra pressure placed on the lower rectum affecting blood flow and causing the veins to swell.
People who suffer from prolonged constipation can also develop hemorrhoids due to the extra pushing during bowel movements.
Why You Should see a Proctologist
If your hemorrhoids have not abated with increased fiber, water consumption, or over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams, it is time to see a proctologist to ensure you are not suffering from a more serious condition. Untreated internal hemorrhoids can result in bleeding, and untreated external hemorrhoids can cause blood clotting. If you are experiencing rectal bleeding and pain, especially accompanied by dizziness, a proctologist will know exactly what to look for, not only to rule out a more serious condition but to give you relief from the symptoms.
Proctologist Exams and Diagnosis
A proctologist will know exactly what to look and feel for. They will insert their finger inside the rectum to probe for any unusual growths. They may also perform a colonoscopy to rule out any larger digestive issues, especially if you have risk factors associated with colorectal cancer.
If an external hemorrhoid has formed a blood clot, an experienced proctologist will be able to remove the clot via an incision and drainage, which will give you instant pain relief. This removal has a much higher success rate when it is performed with 72 hours of the thrombosis rel=nofollow developing, which is why it’s so important to seek the assistance of a proctologist if there is any chance of a thrombosis.
When it comes to health concerns, many people seek the advice of the Internet and attempt to self-diagnose and treat. In instances of minor health issues, people are often able to resolve their issues with over-the-counter meds and home treatment. In cases where rectal pain and bleeding is a factor, one should seek the help of a proctologist to rule out the existence of a larger medical issue, and for the promptest relief of pain and symptoms.